SUBJECT: Winter in Minnesota starts in...March? 
	 Saint Cloud November 1998 and fall weather summary

      The warm weather of the fall continued during November in St. Cloud.
The average temperature of 33.7 degrees was four degrees above normal
for the month. This was especially remarkable given the relatively cold
first half of the month. However, the extraordinary warmth at the end
of the month more than made up for it. Especially warm was this year's 
Thanksgiving weekend. The high temperature on Thanksgiving Day 1998 was 57. 
The only Thanksgiving Day which was warmer occurred on November 26, 1914 
when the high reached 59 degrees. For the four-day Thanksgiving weekend, 
1998 marked the first time that all four days had highs of over 50 degrees 
(only 1909, 1914, 1960, and 1984 had two 50-degree highs during the weekend, 
although the two days before Thanksgiving in 1914 had broken 50 degrees, 
making it a 4-day streak). The average high for the 1998 Thanksgiving 
weekend was 56.5 and the average low was 28.3, yielding a mean temperature 
for the weekend of 42.4 degrees, easily topping the Thanksgiving weekend of 
1914 when the average temperature was 38.5 degrees. These readings would be 
typical of mid-April or mid-October with the high temperatures averaging 25 
degrees above normal. Two daily records were broken during the holiday 
weekend in 1998 with the 58 high on the 27th and the 59 high on the 29th. 
The six consecutive days with a high of 50 degrees or warmer in 1998 is also 
a record for the second half of November. However, these records are not
the warmest for so late in the year since the record high for December 6
is 63 (set in 1939).
	Precipitation was above normal, mainly due to the storm of November
9 and 10, which dropped 1.05 inches of melted precipitation at the airport
and 1.41 inches at SCSU. The normal precipitation for the month of November
in St. Cloud is 1.27 inches. This storm also produced wind gusts up to 64
MPH at SCSU and produced a record low pressure for the state of Minnesota.
	Much of the precipitation fell in the form of wet snow. Officially, 
1.4 inches fell on the 10th. There were an estimated 2.0 inches of snow on the 
9th, much of which melted before observers could record it the next morning. 
While this will be stricken from the National Weather Service records, I am 
retaining it since it lines up with my observations early on the 10th. Since 
the NWS will no longer keep snow records, I believe the 3.4 inches from this
storm is more accurate and will retain it in the St. Cloud historical records.
	Still, the mild weather left us with about half the normal snowfall 
for this year and 1/3 of last November's total. Even in Sioux Falls, which 
received over a foot of snow from that storm, and in Grand Forks, which has 
already received half of its normal snowfall total for the year so far (more 
than 21 inches), they are down to bare ground.
	Overall, fall (Sept.-Nov.) of 1998 will go down as the 9th mildest
fall on record and the warmest fall since 1963, which was the mildest fall
of all time. Looking back upon the entire 3 month period, only the first
3 weeks of November was colder than normal and the fall was capped by the
warmest Thanksgiving holiday in St. Cloud history. The dryness of September
and October could not be made up by the wetter conditions in November, so
the fall ended up more than an inch and a half below normal in rainfall.
	With another storm in the southwest US and a jet stream from the 
mild southwest forecast for mid-week, it certainly looks like December will 
pick up where November ended. And, for those of you who have been nagging me
since Labor Day about how cold this winter will be, the National Weather
Service official winter forecast issued last week shows a 5% better than
random chance for a colder than normal winter for only northern North Dakota
and northwestern Minnesota in the Northern Plains. Whatever.

SUMMARY FOR NOVEMBER 1998               NOV 1998         NORMAL
Average high temperature ( F)            41.7            39.0
Average low temperature ( F)             25.7            20.3
Average temperature ( F)                 33.7            29.7
Number of days with high of 32 or less    5               9.3
Warmest high for this month ( F)         59 on the 29th (broke record; 
							 see below)
Coolest high for this month ( F)         30 on the 5th, 6th, 12th, and 19th
Mildest low for this month ( F)          37 on the 29th
Coldest low for this month ( F)          14 on the 12th
Daily record temperatures:
Record highs:                            58 on the 27th (old record: 55 in 1909)
					 59 on the 29th (old record: 57 in 1932)

November                                  1.53            1.27
Greatest in 24 hours (Nov 1998)            .67 on the 10th

November                                   3.4             6.8
Greatest in 24 hours                       2.0 on the 9th
Season (1997-1998)                         3.4             7.3

SUMMARY FOR FALL (SEPT-NOV) 1998         FALL 1998       NORMAL
Average High Temperature (F)              59.5            55.2
Average Low Temperature (F)               37.6            33.4
Average Temperature (F)                   48.6            45.2
Liquid precipitation (in)                 4.67            6.29
Snowfall (in)                              3.4             7.3

     ST. CLOUD TEMPS--FALL      (118 YEARS; AVG = 45.2 F; SDEV =  2.5 F)

	WARMEST                          COLDEST

     51.3 F  1963                     38.0 F  1896
     51.2 F  1931                     40.3 F  1985
     50.2 F  1908                     40.4 F  1976
     50.2 F  1914                     40.6 F  1887
     49.6 F  1922                     40.7 F  1951
     49.4 F  1900                     40.7 F  1993
     49.3 F  1953                     40.8 F  1959
     48.8 F  1899                     40.8 F  1991
     48.6 F  1998 <--9TH WARMEST      40.9 F  1926
     48.5 F  1882    ON RECORD,       41.5 F  1911
Bob Weisman, Meteorology Professor	SUPERVISOR: Shirley (age 6 1/2)
Earth Sciences Department		PHONE: (320) 255-3247 (V)
MS 48                                          (800) 627-3529 (TTY via
Saint Cloud State University                        Minnesota Relay Service)
720 4th Avenue South			FAX:   (320) 255-4262
Saint Cloud, Minnesota 56301-4498  	EMAIL: scsweisman@tigger.


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Last modified: December 3, 1998